On May 1, 2020, Resolute Forest Products proudly marked its 200th anniversary. Resolute’s roots spread out across two centuries, over 20 predecessor companies, multiple countries and hundreds of communities.
Starting in 1820, in the midst of the Industrial Revolution, and over the following two centuries, the company grew from 20 sawmills along the banks of the St. Lawrence River in Quebec into a global leader in the forest products industry with over 40 pulp, paper, wood products, tissue and energy facilities across North America.
We have successfully weathered technological revolutions; two World Wars; the Great Depression of the 1930s; globalization; several pandemics, including cholera, the Spanish flu and now COVID-19; and changing economic and social conditions. We have flourished because of the unwavering support of our employees, customers and investors, the communities in which we operate, as well as our partners in both the business world and Indigenous communities.
For 200 years, Resolute and its predecessor companies have been transforming a renewable resource into products that consumers depend on in their daily lives. Here are some of the many milestones we achieved along the way.
The very first predecessor of Resolute Forest Products is formed with the William Price Company, established in Quebec to export lumber to Great Britain.
William Price Company is renamed William Price and Son.
William Price and Son emerges as Price Brothers and Company.
Laurentide Pulp & Company begins construction of a mill in Grand-Mère (Quebec).
Belgo Canadian Pulp Company begins construction of a mill in Shawinigan (Quebec).
Price Brothers and Company is renamed Price Brothers.
W.V. Bowater and Sons is established in London, England, as a paper merchant.
Price Brothers begin operations at the Kénogami paper mill, in Quebec.
Robert McCormick of the Chicago Tribune starts up a paper mill in Thorold as the Ontario Paper Company.
Frank Anson starts up the Iroquois Falls (Ontario) mill and the Abitibi Power and Paper Company, headquartered in Montreal (Quebec).
Bathurst Power and Paper enters the paper market by building a paper mill in Bathurst (New Brunswick).
Murray River Power and Pulp Co. is founded in Quebec.
Murray River Power and Pulp Co. changes its name to Donohue Brothers Limited.
Great Lakes Paper starts up a paper mill in Thunder Bay (Ontario).
Canadian International Paper (CIP) is created as a fully-owned subsidiary of International Paper.
Price Brothers starts up the Alma paper mill as well as a hydroelectric station at the facility, in Quebec.
Bowater starts up its first paper mill at Northfleet (Kent), in England.
Lake St. John Paper starts up a newsprint mill in Dolbeau (Quebec).
Canadian International Paper starts up a newsprint mill in Gatineau (Quebec).
Abitibi engineers a five-way merger, now owning 12 paper mills in Ontario, Quebec and Manitoba.
Donohue begins producing newsprint at the Clermont mill, in Quebec.
Price Brothers completes the construction of the Price building in Québec City.
Bowater starts up a paper mill in Ellesmere Port (Chester), in England.
Consolidated Paper Corporation is founded through the merger of 5 Quebec paper mills.
Abitibi goes into receivership until 1946.
Price Brothers goes into receivership until 1937.
Ontario Paper starts up a newsprint mill in Baie-Comeau as Quebec North Shore Paper, a subsidiary of Ontario Paper.
Southland Paper Mills starts up the first newsprint mill in Lufkin (Texas).
Stone Container is incorporated.
Coosa River Newsprint establishes its Coosa Pines mill, in Alabama.
Bowater establishes its first North American mill in Calhoun (Tennessee).
Bowater purchases the Mersey paper mill in Liverpool (Nova Scotia).
Bowater starts up a kraft pulp mill in Catawba (South Carolina).
Price acquires the Anglo Newfoundland Development (AND) Company, which owns the Grand Falls (Newfoundland) and Chandler (Quebec) mills.
Abitibi Power and Paper is renamed Abitibi Paper Company.
Cox Newsprint starts up its newsprint mill in Augusta (Georgia).
Consolidated Paper merges with Bathurst Paper to form Consolidated Bathurst.
Abitibi acquires the Augusta newsprint mill, in Georgia.
Abitibi buys Price but operates under separate names until 1979, when it assumes the name Abitibi-Price.
Donohue builds the Saint-Félicien kraft pulp mill, in Quebec.
Donohue builds the Girardville and Saint-Thomas (Quebec) sawmills.
Consolidated Bathurst buys the former Bowater facility in Ellesmere Port (Chester), England.
Donohue builds the La Doré sawmill, in Quebec.
International Paper sells Canadian International Paper, which becomes CIP.
Donohue builds the Amos newsprint mill, in Quebec.
Ontario Paper is renamed Quebec and Ontario Paper Company.
The Jonesville (South Carolina) chip mill is built by Bowater to supply the Catawba paper mill.
Dononue acquires Groupe Gérard Saucier Limitée and, with it, sawmills in Comtois and Senneterre (Quebec).
Canadian International Paper (CIP) merges with Great Lakes to become Canadian Pacific Forest Products (CPFP).
Canadian Pacific Forest Products establishes Ponderay Newsprint Company in partnership with several publishers, in Usk (Washington).
Newsprint South opens a newsprint mill in Grenada (Mississippi).
Stone Container acquires Consolidated Bathurst, creating Stone-Consolidated.
Coopérative forestière du Haut-Saint-Maurice begins operations of the Produits forestiers La Tuque Inc. sawmill, located north of La Tuque, in Quebec.
Canadian Pacific divests itself of Canadian Pacific Forest Products, which becomes Avenor.
The Quebec and Ontario Paper Company shortens its name to QUNO.
Stone-Consolidated begins operations of a sawmill south of La Tuque, in Quebec.
Donohue acquires QUNO, including the Baie-Comeau (Quebec) and Thorold (Ontario) paper mills and the Outardes (Quebec) sawmill.
Stone-Consolidated acquires a majority interest in Produits forestiers La Tuque (Quebec).
Halla Pulp & Paper starts up a newsprint mill in Mokpo, South Korea.
Great Lakes Pulp & Fibre builds a recycled kraft pulp mill in Menominee (Michigan).
Stone-Consolidated acquires Rainy River Forest Products.
Donohue acquires Cauchon and, with it, both the Saint-Hilarion sawmill and Château-Richer wood products facility, in Quebec.
Abitibi-Price merges with Stone-Consolidated to form Abitibi-Consolidated, becoming the world's largest newsprint and uncoated groundwood producer.
Bowater acquires Avenor, including the Thunder Bay (Ontario), Gatineau (Quebec) and Ponderay (Washington) paper mills, as well as the Maniwaki (Quebec) sawmill.
Donohue acquires two Texas mills, Lufkin and Sheldon, from Champion International.
Abitibi-Consolidated purchases the Snowflake (Arizona) mill from Stone Container.
Bowater acquires the Mokpo mill from Halla, in South Korea.
Abitibi-Consolidated acquires a 1/3 interest in PanAsia Paper.
Abitibi-Consolidated opens the Opitciwan (Quebec) sawmill as a joint venture with the local Indigenous community (Abitibi interest = 45%).
Bowater acquires the Grenada newsprint mill, in Mississippi.
Abitibi-Consolidated acquires Donohue, bringing in Quebec’s Amos, Baie-Comeau, Clermont and Saint-Félicien mills, as well as Ontario’s Thorold mill, alongside 17 sawmills.
Bowater acquires Alliance Forest Products, including Alabama’s Coosa Pines and Quebec’s Dolbeau paper mills, as well as Quebec’s Mistassini and Saint-Félicien sawmills.
Abitibi-Consolidated builds a remanufactured wood products facility in La Doré (Quebec).
Abitibi-Consolidated starts up a new sawmill in Thunder Bay (Ontario).
Abitibi-Consolidated and Louisiana-Pacific create the Abitibi-LP joint venture to build engineered wood products in Larouche and Saint-Prime (Quebec).
SFK Pulp acquires Menominee (Michigan) recycled pulp mill.
Abitibi-Consolidated merges with Bowater to become AbitibiBowater.
Quebec’s two La Tuque sawmills are consolidated into a joint venture called Produits Forestiers Mauricie.
AbitibiBowater restarts the shutdown Ignace sawmill, in Ontario.
AbitibiBowater sells the Snowflake (Arizona) newsprint mill to meet approval from the Competition Bureau of both Canada and the United States.
AbitibiBowater acquires the Talledega (Alabama) chip mill from American Chips Inc.
AbitibiBowater enters creditor protection for twenty months.
AbitibiBowater emerges from creditor protection.
AbitibiBowater trades its woodyard lot on the closed Alabama River Newsprint mill with Georgia-Pacific, for the Jacksons Gap (Alabama) chip mill.
AbitibiBowater changes its name to Resolute Forest Products.
Resolute Forest Products acquires Fibrek (formerly SFK Pulp).
Resolute builds a wood pellet plant at its Thunder Bay sawmill, in Ontario.
Resolute builds the Atikokan sawmill and restarts the refurbished Ignace sawmill, in Ontario.
Resolute enters the tissue market by acquiring Atlas Paper Holdings, Inc., with operations in Florida, and begins construction of a new tissue facility at its Calhoun pulp and paper mill, in Tennessee.
Resolute acquires Tembec’s Senneterre−Lac-Clair sawmill, in Quebec.
Resolute pulls out of South Korea with the permanent closure of its Mokpo newsprint mill.
Resolute sells the Saint-Hilarion (Quebec) sawmill.
Resolute acquires full ownership of Donohue Malbaie.
Resolute sells the Catawba (South Carolina) paper and pulp mill, the Fairmont (West Virginia) pulp mill and the Jacksons Gap (Alabama) chip production facility.
Resolute acquires three U.S. sawmills: Cross City (Florida), and Glenwood and El Dorado (Arkansas).
Resolute celebrates 200 years of pioneering excellence on May 1, 2020.
Resolute sells the Augusta (Georgia) and Thorold (Ontario) paper mills.
Resolute acquires the Hagerstown (Maryland) tissue converting facility.
Resolute sells the Tampa (Florida) recycling center.
Resolute Roots: A Book on Our History
"Resolute Roots" follows the evolution of the company – and the pioneers who built it – through two world wars and numerous technological revolutions. Written by Martin Fairbank, a former company employee, the book tells the story of Resolute's family tree and celebrates the building of numerous facilities.
For more information on the deep roots and rich history of Resolute Forest Products and its predecessors, read brief excerpts from the book on The Resolute Blog. You can also purchase Martin's book on his website at