Forestry and Fiber Sourcing
Resolute Forest Products' commitment to produce quality products that meet the criteria of today's environmentally conscious stakeholders begins with responsible fiber sourcing. This entails the responsible management of the forest entrusted to our care, careful tracking of sources of wood fiber supply and the utilization of recycled fiber.
100% of the woodlands we manage are audited and certified by independent third parties. 22.1 million hectares (54.6 million acres) are covered by certificates held by Resolute.
Our harvest rights on Crown land are all in Canada. As of December 31, 2013, we had long-term harvest rights for approximately 5.28 million cubic meters of supply from Crown land in Ontario. In Quebec, as of April 1, 2013, timber supply and forest management agreements have been replaced by timber supply guarantees. As of that date, we were allocated 4.47 million cubic meters of supply through these timber supply guarantees.
Sustainable Fiber Supply
Forest certification and fiber tracking help to ensure the sustainability of our fiber supply. Strict adherence to internationally recognized sustainable forest management (SFM) and chain of custody (CoC) standards provides our customers with the assurance that the wood fiber we utilize originates from responsible sources.
In Canada, as required by provincial laws and regulations, Resolute prepares 20- or 25-year forest management plans that are revised every five years. Public participation is a critical part of the process, and we encourage local community groups, individuals and First Nations communities to participate in the planning process.
To learn more, read our Wood and Fiber Procurement Policy.
Responsible Wood Fiber Procurement
We have instituted fiber-tracking systems at all of our facilities, which are all third-party certified according to one or more of three internationally recognized CoC standards, namely Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC®), Sustainable Forestry Initiative® (SFI®) and Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC). For both our internal and external wood and fiber sources, 100% is procured through the FSC Controlled Wood standard, the PEFC due diligence requirements or the SFI fiber sourcing requirements, and in some cases a combination of these standards.
For details on where our certifications are held, visit the Certification by Operation page.
The regeneration of harvested areas is an essential component of sustainable forest management. As a responsible forest manager, Resolute seeks to respect the natural growth cycle of trees, while ensuring biodiversity. In Canada, fiber used in our products is sourced primarily from public land, located mainly in the boreal forest. By law, these woodlands must be promptly regenerated. The boreal forest has a remarkable ability to regenerate on its own. In fact, approximately 75% of the area harvested grows back naturally. Our foresters ensure that the rest is promptly reforested. We planted a total of 60 million seedlings in 2012.
To put the impact of the forest products industry in perspective, it should be noted that approximately 0.2% of the boreal forest is harvested by the industry each year.1 By comparison, five times this amount on average is disturbed annually by wildfires, insects and disease. The series of time-stamped images below are representative of the typical regeneration of a black spruce forest found in the northern Lac-Saint-Jean, Québec, region.
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1Natural Resources Canada (NRCan). 2005b. State of Canada’s Forests: 2004-2005, The Boreal Forest, Canadian Forest Service, ISBN 0-662-40014-3, p. 48